High-rise commercial buildings and residential complexes have now become one of the key features of any metropolitan cities in India, and so become the elevators. Lifts or elevators are an essential component especially for those who are living in apartments and builder floors. Even if a builder is constructing a four-storey building, he will definitely think of installing lifts in the complex. Elevators have now become the need of the hour. Everyone who is looking to purchase an apartment, flat or even commercial space wants lifts to be mounted in the building to make their life convenient.
All the construction, safety and maintenance of elevators are regulated either by the Bureau Indian Standards or Lift Acts and Rules in some states. These are the agencies that are responsible for the technical specifications, recommended dimensions and testing of lifts.
So, everyone should know all the rules and regulations associated with the safety and security norms in India.
What are the Approvals Required?
As installation of the elevators in a commercial or residential building is a matter of safety, hence the process needs approvals from different concerned authorities. For this purpose, either the owner of the building or builder has to apply for two different licences, 1) Licence of installation, 2) Licence to use the elevator. It should also be noted that the validity of these licences may vary in different states.
The road to mount and use the lift doesn’t end here. After getting the above-said licences, there are many other rigorous tests to be done to ensure security and safety of users. Now, the owner has to install the lift at the designated location by an engineer of the manufacturing company. As the elevator is successfully installed and commissioned by the engineer, now it has to be inspected by a lift inspector. It is his job to check if the elevator has been installed in accordance with the rules and regulations implemented in the state or not. After getting a green signal from the inspector, the owner can now operate the lift in his building.
Furthermore, the elevator is subjected to get annual renewal licence under the lift regulations from the concerned authorities.
Factors to be Checked While Applying for Lift License
There are some factors that should be taken into consideration while applying for an elevator license to smooth the process. These are:
- Capacity requirements
- Number of residents in the building
- Speed of the elevator and
- Timings, when the load is maximum
These days, the elevators with energy-efficient mechanisms, low maintenance and automatic switch-off and power stand-by mode, and noise and vibration-free lifts are also very popular in the market.
Though there are loopholes in the rules and regulations for the installation of the lifts in residential and commercial complexes as these are not in control of the central law body. But, things are improving with time and a visible change can be seen soon.